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What to Know About Civil Engineering/Engineer in Nigeria

 Sometimes when taking a walk across a long bridge, you may wonder who and how such structure came to existence on a river and it doesn't lag or fall. Another intriguing observance is seeing huge skyscrapers that looks as if it almost touch with the sky. Personally, I do once thought its all supernatural and above the capacity of man. But the obvious truth is that all these is made possible by civil engineers who apply the laws of physics to solve the problem of construction and erect those long bridges and skyscrapers you saw.

About Civil Engineering

By definition, civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of physical and naturally built environment, including works like road bridges, canals, dams, and buildings.

Civil engineering has a number of sub-disciplines which are: construction, structural, highway and materials engineering. It is the second-oldest engineering discipline in heirachy, senior by military engineering that was in existence during the olden days war. The work of civil engineers are applied in many areas in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies, their services are still valued.

One who has qualification backings and able to design and maintain works for public utility is known as Civil Engineer.


Civil engineering started thousands of year ago when the need for constructing roads, houses and bridges arose. Dated from ...., it is the oldest branch of engineering followed by mechanical engineering.

The aim of the course

Construction is the main aim and task of civil engineering. The scope of the course involves planning, designing, estimating, supervising construction, managing construction, execution, and maintenance of structures like building, roads, bridges, dams, etc. Civil Engineering is a wide field and the engineers produced erect many types of structures. They include structures such as residential buildings, public buildings, industrial buildings, roads, bridges, tunnels, railways, dams, canal and canal structures, airports, harbour and ports, water treatment plants, waste water treatment plant, water supply networks, and drainage networks.

Classification of this engineering discipline is according to the type of structures and activities they perform. The main branches of civil engineering are as follows: Surveying & leveling, Building, Planning and construction, Advanced Construction, Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Transportation Engineering, Environmental Engineering and Town Planning.

Skills from a Civil Engineer

There are certain skills required from a civil engineer. This will be obtained after the learning of the course. Others are skills you should develop within yourself in order to be distinctive;

  • Strong Analytical Mind
  • Attention to Details
  • Designing
  • Excellent Fluency Skill
  • Desire to Learn and work from mistakes
  • Leadership and Management Skills
  • Communication Skill
  • Technical Skills
  • Creativity
  • Understanding Science, Technology Engineering, and Math (STEM ) Skill
  • Critical Thinking
  • and Project Management.

How much does a Civil Engineer earn as salaries in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the rating of a worker which will determine his/her salary depends on the entry level into the job. Civil engineers here receive an estimated sum around N100,000 to N350,000 per month.

Nevertheless, the stated amount this category of engineer can earn is a function of the place they work. Take for instance, you are employed in oil & gas an entry level engineer, you can expect more, about N500,000 to N1,00,000 per month. This deviation from the former is because of the availability of resources in such companies coupled with the nature of the work that are done in these places.

Experience is another key factor that influences the amount a civil engineer would be earning as salary and wages.

Engineers who are newly into the field may not be earning much than some one who has been in the system for long and is more advanced and experienced. A Civil Engineer with 1-4 years of experience may earn an average total compensation (includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay) of ₦1,001,009 based on 36 salaries. A mid-career Civil Engineer that has plus the former's 1-4 years of experience may earn an average total compensation of ₦1,800,000 based on 26 salaries for a 5-9 years of experience. The highest earner in the Civil engineering line is an experienced Engineer with 10-19 years of experience. He or she should earn an average total compensation of ₦2,100,000 based on 15 salaries for his long years of experience and perfection in the field.

How to join the Civil Engineering world

Choosing a career in civil engineering is a reality of life's dream to build the country and world at large. By first, you should first settle for a first degree in the department of civil engineering in any accredited university. After your degree, it is always better to go on to specialize in a particular area in the field as it will boost your employment opportunities and also give you a technical edge which will augment what you got from college.

After getting the degree in civil engineering, it's next for you to complete the registration with the Council for the Regulation Of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN) to fully be a certified Civil Engineer.

Where to study Civil Engineering in Nigeria

Below are universities in Nigeria you may choose and study for your degree in civil engineering;

American University of Nigeria

Covenant University, Adeleke University, Afe Babalola University, Ahmadu Bello University, Akwa Ibom State University, Ambrose Alli University, Anambra State University, Bauchi State University, Bayero University Kano

Covenant University, Cross River State University of Technology, Ekiti State University, Elizade University, Enugu State University of Science a Technology, Federal University of Technology Minna, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Federal University, Oye-ekiti, Gregory University, Uturu, Igbinedion University, Imo State University, Kano University of Science and Technology, Kwara State University, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Landmark University, Madonna University, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Modibbo Adama University of Tech, Niger Delta University, Nigeria Turkish Nile University, Nigerian Defence Academy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ondo State University of Science and Technology, Osun State University, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, University of Abuja, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, University of Benin, University of Ibadan, University of Jos, University of Lagos, University of Maiduguri, University of Nigeria, University of Port-Harcourt and University of Uyo

Admission Requirements to study Civil Engineering 

You require to have five SSCE credit passes in Mathematics, English Language and other Science subjects.

In UTME, you will have a four subject combination which are; English Language, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.


Civil engineering discipline is very wide and it houses other sub branches like transportation, construction and water resources, structural, environmental, Surveying, Building, Planning, Geotechnical Engineering, and Town Planning engineering fields.

This engineer take nothing out from their salaries as they are rewarded with bonuses. Civil engineer are certainly not the highest paying engineering profession, but they are among one of the profession that gives a comfortable pay as salary. So why not choose a career in this engineering discipline?



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